Mercator, was born Flanders (Belgium) On March 5, 1512, and he is one of the most remembered and famous cartographers. He studied mathematics, astronomy and geography. Along his life he made maps of Flanders, of Great Britain, of Holy Land and of Europe, a series of maps of the ancient world and a modern atlas, as well as terrestrial globes like this one we are putting forward now and celestial spheres. In them he was leaving the geographical conceptions of the Middle Ages and of the Ptolemaic tradition, forming the scientific and technical advances of the Renaissance and the convergence of the cartography with the practical needs of the navigation. Mercator's projection is based on the projection of a tangent cylinder to the spherical equator, distorting the areas of the territories represented based on extending enormously the nearest ones to the poles, in order to achieve that the meridians appear as straight vertical lines, which cut the parallel ones in right angle, and it was determinant to facilitate the navigation by sea to those adventurers who in his century remained been stubborn in looking for new worlds.
Though his map was one of most accepted, it is not completely faithful due to the enormous difficulty of representing on plane the form geoide of the Earth. In 1541, he realized this globe where for the first time lines of course or loxodrómicas appear, following the theories of the mathematician Pedro Nunes.
Hight: 43 cm
Diameter: 26 cm